Ano ang dating pangalan ng kyrgyzstan
A state of emergency and curfew were introduced  and Askar Akayev , the youngest of five sons born into a family of collective farm workers in northern Kyrgyzstan , was elected president in October of that same year. In the aftermath of the turmoil, on 5 August , Kyrgyz forces arrested party leader Urmat Baryktabasov on suspicion of plotting an overthrow of the government, after troops allegedly fired blank rounds at a crowd trying to join mass demonstrations near the Parliament in the capital Bishkek. In February , the name of the capital, Frunze, was changed back to its pre-revolutionary name of Bishkek. However, the Republic's press was permitted to adopt a more liberal stance and to establish a new publication, Literaturny Kirghizstan, by the Union of Writers. Protesters attacked President Bakiyev's offices, as well as state-run radio and television stations.
The entire region was still under a state of emergency as Uzbeks were reluctant to leave their houses for fear of attacks by the mobs. There were also reports that the armed forces supported ethnic Kyrgyz gangs entering the city, but the government denied the allegations. The early years of glasnost had little effect on the political climate in Kyrgyzstan. A transition government, led by former foreign minister Roza Otunbayeva , by 8 April had taken control of state media and government facilities in the capital, but Bakiyev had not resigned from office. Media agencies reported on 14 June that the Russian government was considering a request by the Kyrgyz government. The protests became violent, spreading to Bishkek by the following day. The clashes incited fears that the country could be heading towards a civil war. This was followed by the Supreme Soviet vote declaring independence from the Soviet Union on 31 August as the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. There were conflicting reports that Interior Minister Moldomusa Kongatiyev had been beaten. The South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes occurred between the two main ethnic groups—the Uzbeks and Kyrgyz—in Osh , the second largest city in the country, on 11 June The United Nations decided to send an envoy to assess the situation. Many aspects of Kyrgyz national culture were retained despite the suppression of nationalist activity under Joseph Stalin , who controlled the Soviet Union from the late s until Literacy was greatly improved, and a standard literary language was introduced by imposing Russian on the populace. Acting President Roza Otunbayeva said security forces seized firearms and grenades from him and 26 supporters. To control the situation, the interim government gave special shoot-to-kill powers to the security forces. Police and special services arrested many opposition leaders. The country's provisional leaders announced that Bakiyev signed a formal letter of resignation prior to his departure. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events. September Learn how and when to remove this template message In October , Akayev ran unopposed and was elected president of the new independent Republic by direct ballot, receiving 95 percent of the votes cast. On 7 April , President Bakiyev imposed a state of emergency. Marco Polo sheep on a Kyrgyzstan stamp In June , ethnic tensions between Uzbeks and Kyrgyz surfaced in the Osh Oblast southern Kyrgyzstan , where Uzbeks form a minority of the population. In a referendum on the preservation of the Soviet Union in March , Authorities in neighboring Uzbekistan said at least 30, Uzbeks had crossed the border to escape the riots. Bishkek Soviet power was initially established in the region in , and the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR the phrase Kara-Kirghiz was used until the mids by the Russians to distinguish them from the Kazakhs, who were also referred to as Kirghiz. Together with the representatives of seven other Republics that same month, he signed the Treaty of the New Economic Community. Opposition leaders formed a coalition, and a new government was formed under President Kurmanbek Bakiyev and Prime Minister Feliks Kulov. Political stability appeared to be elusive, however, as various groups and factions allegedly linked to organized crime jockeyed for power.
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