Dating of psalm 22
All they that be fat upon earth shall eat and worship: It is probably the name of some song or tune to the measure of which the psalm was to be chanted. Nowhere in the psalm do the verses indicate a prediction of a future event, on the face of it, since it appeared like another prayer for deliverance. For the kingdom is the LORD's: The Latin Vulgate contains the reading "pierced" as well. Though it is highly unlikely, if the original reading was "like a lion," would that undermine the Christian understanding of this passage? Michael Rydelnik, The Messianic Hope: All they that see me laugh me to scorn: Tertullian, the earliest Christian leader to write in Latin, also cited the verse this way, 8 as did other Latin writers such as Cyprian 9 and Novatian.
The reason for this is that the predominant reading in the Masoretic text, the family of Hebrew manuscripts that are the primary source from which the Old Testament is usually translated, does not say "they pierced my hands and my feet. O my God, I cry in the day time, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent. Save me from the lion's mouth: The psalm is also interpreted as referring to the plight of the Jewish people and their distress and alienation in exile. All they that see me laugh me to scorn: And yet, the recounting of distress, the plea for help, the song of rejoicing, and finally praise to God bare witness with the steps Jesus took to the cross, and victory prevailed. In the early second century, Justin Martyr regularly cited the verse this way in his writings to non-Christians both Jew and Gentile 7 clearly assuming that they would find the reading in their own copies if they were to look. The New Testament writers never actually quoted verse 16, "They pierced my hands and my feet. In the New Jerusalem Bible, it translates verse 16 as "a gang of villains closing in on me, as if to hack off my hands and feet This is part of the series of "Davidic Psalms" mizmor le-david. Any reading of Psalm 22 and the Gospel accounts will show that the connections between the words of this passage and the suffering of Jesus Christ are profound, regardless of how verse 16 reads. My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death. Jewish interpretations of Tehillim 22 identify the individual in the psalm with a royal figure, usually King David or Queen Esther. In verse 16, we read "pierced my hands and feet" and yet right behind that verse is the mention of dogs in this same verse further complicating interpretation. This accusation is wholly untrue, both because there is very strong evidence that "pierced" is the original reading and also because the variant reading "like a lion" does not undermine the prophetic nature of the Psalm. However, the fact that Jesus was raised three days later from the dead by God His Father, the victory more than revealed a fulfilling of prophecy, showing God had not permanently rejected Jesus. No, not at all. Skeptics will say that Psalm 22 is not a prophecy and that Jesus prayers were not answered when He prayed, "My God, my God, why have you rejected me? It is probably the name of some song or tune to the measure of which the psalm was to be chanted. What is your response? Finally, the earliest Christians quoted the reading as "pierced" in multiple languages and locations. I may tell all my bones: As one scholar observes of the verse: It is entirely consistent with what occurs in a crucifixion. But thou art holy, O thou that inhabitest the praises of Israel. However, if someone tells me the particular way I might die, and all the possible ways it could happen, and then it came to pass; would it not be prophetic? In the recent literature, however, it is argued that "Hind of Dawn" cultic role of the priest designated person acting as menatseach, as head of the ritual.
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