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Findings suggest a shrinking social distance between racial groups, broadening the MMPI for African American women; yet, the low levels of interracial relationships are likely driven by preferences of men. Criminal justice status measured if the participant was recruited from prison, a probation office, or the community. This novel study is significant in that it explores the relationship intentions and behaviors of a uniquely marginalized and often-overlooked group, shifts the focus from marriage to romantic relationships, and challenges the traditional view that the biases of African American women drive their aversion to interracial relationships. Negative items were reverse-coded. The original B-WISE sample had participants; however, only participants were included in these analyses examining the significant correlates of both interracial dating intentions and behaviors. Two control variables, past year drug use and criminal justice status, were included in the multivariate models as they were part of the sampling strategy. For the probation and community samples, interviews were conducted in private locations such as a room in a public library or an office on a university campus. Pairing intentions and behaviors is important, as prior research would suggest that intentions are more prevalent than actual behaviors Bonilla-Silva, Moreover, this study examines the association between the items measuring perceptions about partner availability and interracial relationship intentions and behaviors of disadvantaged African American women in Kentucky.
Pairing intentions and behaviors is important, as prior research would suggest that intentions are more prevalent than actual behaviors Bonilla-Silva, All models include socio-demographic and control variables. However, this study still makes a significant contribution to the literature because it is conservative in nature. The MMPI is the sex ratio, or the number of eligible males per females, within a same race and age group. On the other hand, African American women's preferences are not the only ones involved in mate selection — the potential partners' preferences are also a factor. In addition, participants who self-reported illicit drug use were intentionally oversampled using stratified sampling procedures. For community participants, recruitment efforts were focused on the zip codes identified as having large African American populations based on census data, and recruiting methods included flyers and newspaper advertisements. Potential partners may exclude African American women from the dating pool based on their race. The current study is unique in the inclusion of items inspired by the MMPI which measure African American women's perceptions about the availability of partners who are African American, white, and Hispanic. The B-WISE project includes data collected between and from African American women in Kentucky, with the aim to sample equal proportions of women who were incarcerated at baseline, on probation, and not involved in the criminal justice system. Census Bureau, ; U. Since both of these groups are marginalized racial minorities in the U. In each of these four sets of models, variables are introduced in a stepwise progression, adding variables categorically as follows: Mistrust can be reasonably linked to patterns of relationship preference. Findings suggest a shrinking social distance between racial groups, broadening the MMPI for African American women; yet, the low levels of interracial relationships are likely driven by preferences of men. Figures of predicted probabilities are included to facilitate interpretation of findings. This topic is important to examine because there is a clear juxtaposition faced by African American women. Examples included mistreatment from friends, coworkers, or institutions because you were black, being suspected of doing something wrong because you were black, or being called a racist name. This may be partially explained by these women being more likely to have outof-wedlock children, making them less desirable as a potential mate Bennett et al. The Current Study Clearly, there is a constellation of factors that contribute to African American women's interracial relationship intentions and behaviors. This study offers a unique opportunity to examine these issues from the perspective of the economically disadvantaged African American woman, who are the least likely to interracially marry Bennett et al. It is not just marriage, though, as research has demonstrated that college-educated African American women experience lower levels of marriage, but also lower levels of romantic partnership and voluntary sexual activity compared to white or Hispanic women Clarke, Even the most recent U. Rather than examining interracial dating among middle-class or more upwardly mobile African American women, it is examining the dating behaviors and intentions of a sample of African American women who are more disadvantaged and may have less choice in partner selection. Wilson noted that male joblessness, mortality, and incarceration in the African American community reduced the number of eligible or marriageable African American men Wilson, This is due in part to high rates of death, mass incarceration, and disproportionately high unemployment among African American men that dramatically reduce the number of eligible same-race mates Alexander, ; Bennett et al. Often, research suggests the gendered pattern of African American and white interracial marriage with lower levels of intermarriage among African American women and white men indicates bias on the part of black women, but little recent research has empirically examined this issue of interracial dating intentions and behaviors, especially from the perspective of the African American woman Childs,
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